tension rod compression rod washer/collar nut
Harmony used an inexpensive but effective truss rod system composed of two high strength steel rods welded together at the neck heel end. A tension rod is threaded on one end. The compression rod has a point. On the gear head end, the threaded rod protrudes through a steel washer/collar fitting. The pointed end fits against the back of the washer/collar fitting. When the nut is tightened against the washer/collar, the threaded rod is shortened thereby causing the pointed rod to push against the washer/collar and bend towards the under side of the fret board. This tends to bow the neck backwards slightly between the 1st fret and 12th fret.
Truss rods only affect tiny string height measurements at the 7th fret on a 14 fret guitar. The total range of adjustment is from zero to 1/32 inch. Maybe slightly more. This is to say that on a 14 fret guitar neck, only neck straightness (tight) or curvature (loose) between 1st and 12th fret is affected by tightening the truss rod. We are asking that little bit of welded wire to move a mountain. The Harmony truss rod works well if adjusted properly and used within appropriate limits.
It will break if abused.
Three reasons Harmony truss rods break:
All of the above problems cause the rod to break off at the threaded end or the weld to separate at the neck heel end.
Prevent reason one by lubricating the nut with a quality high pressure automotive grease (not lithium). Always wise in any case.
Prevent reason two by adding at least two, sometimes three washers to the threaded end. This usually provides additional adjustment distance allowing the rod to work as intended. 1.5mm metric washers work great for this. SAE washers are not made in appropriate sizes for optimum fit on the rod end.
Reason three is the toughest. The guitar owner notices increasingly high string action on a beloved vintage Harmony guitar. Guitar owner thinks the truss rod can fix excessive high action. Hoping the truss rod can affect string height at the 12th fret, guitar owner torques the truss rod nut until rod breaks. We have received Harmony guitars where the rod was tightened so much that the threaded end bent down into the head stock rod cavity. The nut was no longer accessible. Why the rod did not break is a mystery.
No truss rod on any guitar has any affect at all on string height at the 12th fret.
To adjust correctly, make truss rod adjustments in one quarter turn increments. If you think you can solve string height problems at the 12th fret by torqueing that truss rod down to maximum adjustment, chances are you are going to break or deform the truss rod. Don’t do it!
During a recent fret board removal and repair, thought it might be helpful to show how we enhance the stock Harmony Sovereign truss rod.
The image below shows the entire truss rod with fret board removed. On the left is my little ruler. On the right is the gear head.
This image shows a little mahogany block glued into the truss rod slot. Below my stubby little ruler is a little 1 1/8 inch block. This block is 3/16 inch deep and 9/32 wide. It is glued into the truss rod slot with Titebond Type III water proof glue. This block serves two purposes. It ensures that the truss rod does not slip down into the slot. The block slightly stabilizes the dovetail end of the neck. No big deal there. Most important, the block prevents steam from venting out the other end of the slot during neck removal. This prevents a lot of damage during neck removal.
You can add this little block after the neck is off the guitar. You do not have to remove the fret board. The end of the truss rod slot is easily accessed under the fret board extension.
This image shows the gear head end of the truss rod. We add one or two (sometimes 3 or 4) metric number 4 flat washers on the threaded end. This significantly reduces torque on the truss rod in the event it really has to be cranked tight to reduce neck bow (i.e. relief) between the first and twelfth fret. To the left of the adjusting nut is a little washer shown here at an angle because the nut is very loose. To the left of the washer and nut is the rod compression doo-dad (washer/collar??). I have no idea what to call it. When the nut is tightened, the doo-dad pushes against the rod and forces it up against the bottom of the fret board. Note that the doo-dad shown below is located in the ideal place on the neck. The little block glued into the other end of the slot makes sure of that.
Please see the "Tools and Techniques" page entitled "Magic Truss Rod Removal Tool" for an image of the best tool for knocking out a Harmony Truss rod.
©2017 D.R. Hanna